The miraculous Inonotus obliquus (also known as Betula platyphylla) is generally known to be caused by the novel of Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr lsayevich, who won the Nobel Prize for literature in the former Soviet Union (won in 1970).There is a description in this article: a Russian village has been brewing a kind of Inonotus obliquus tea with the smell and color similar to coffee for many years. As a result, no one in the village suffered from gastrointestinal diseases or cancer.Based on this, Inonotus obliquus began to be widely concerned. Northerners in Russia believe that this is a magical gift given by God to suffering human beings, which can be used to prevent liver cancer, AIDS and - 157 E. coli poisoning.Researchers in Japan spoke highly of Inonotus obliquus, calling it a "panacea". Inonotus obliquus (the top extract) is a kind of folk medicinal fungus in Russia, and its active ingredients have attracted wide attention of researchers in the United States, Japan, South Korea and other countries.According to the preliminary study, Inonotus obliquus contains Inonotus obliquus alcohol, oxidized triterpenoids, lanosterol, trombolic acid, folic acid derivatives, aromatic vanillic acid, syringic acid, etc.In 1955, the Medical Academy of Science in Moscow announced Inonotus obliquus as an anticancer substance, and the government approved Inonotus obliquus could be used in pharmaceutical development.Inonotus obliquus is listed as a "special natural substance" in the United States as the future drink of cosmonauts.In Japan, Inonotus obliquus is used as a therapeutic agent for liver cancer, AIDS and 0-157 E.coli poisoning, and has applied for a number of patents on Inonotus obliquus. Inonotus obliquus contains a large number of plant fibrous polysaccharides with anticancer, antihypertensive, hypoglycemic and immune reactivating effects.It can improve the activity of immune cells, inhibit the proliferation and recurrence of cancer cells, prevent the absorption of carcinogens and other harmful substances in the gastrointestinal tract, and promote excretion. It is said that the top extract of Inonotus obliquus in Russia has a cure rate of 93% for diabetes. In November 2014, CCTV-7 "science and Technology Park" science and technology column reported that Betula platyphylla is a magic baby from Russia.Researchers from the Institute of medicinal plants, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, who have studied Ganoderma lucidum for many years, also said, "after our test, the content of polysaccharide in Betula platyphylla is very high, and the content of superoxide dismutase is 55 times higher than that of Ganoderma lucidum.I think this is a good explanation for the pharmacological model of improving immunity of Betula platyphylla.At present, it has been proved by global medical research that polysaccharides can enhance immunity.
The main medicinal functions of Inonotus obliquus are as follows
1. Antitumor effect: 1
Inonotus obliquus can inhibit a variety of tumor cells and prevent the metastasis and recurrence of cancer cells.The results showed that Inonotus obliquus has antitumor effect in vitro and in vivo.
2. Hypoglycemic effect:
The polysaccharide of Inonotus obliquus and its rich natural fiber play an important role in reducing blood glucose.
3. Effects on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases
The triterpenoids and steroids contained in Inonotus obliquus can improve blood circulation, regulate blood pressure and reduce blood cholesterol. Clinical studies have found that Inonotus obliquus has a certain effect on the prevention and treatment of hypertension.
4. Immunomodulatory effect: 1
Studies have shown that Inonotus obliquus contains immune enhancer polysaccharide and other components. Kim reported that Inonotus obliquus mycelia polysaccharide can strongly activate humoral immunity related to B macrophages.Therefore, it can be used for the treatment of a variety of diseases.
5. Antiplatelet aggregation
Hyun and other studies found that the ethanol extract of Inonotus obliquus mycelia has the highest inhibitory activity on platelet aggregation and more effective intestinal absorption, which is a functional food with antithrombotic effect.The results showed that the whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity of the patients after treatment were lower than those before treatment, while the fibrinogen, hematocrit and erythrocyte aggregation index were significantly lower than those before treatment.
6. Anti inflammatory, analgesic and bacteriostatic effects
As early as 1983, grzy bek and others found that Inonotus obliquus can be used as a blood cleaner and a pain reliever.Foreign experts Park et al. Have proved that Inonotus obliquus methanol extract has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and analyzed its mechanism.Liu Yingqiu also published chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Inonotus obliquus on Chinese edible fungi in 2008, which confirmed that Inonotus obliquus extract had significant inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.